Fade your UI In and Out

I’m currently polishing my 3rd game, Mouse Dreams, and I wanted my UI to fade in and out smoothly for a polished look.

Fading a canvas requires that your canvas has a Canvas Group component, so make sure it does!

Look at that first property in the Canvas Group component – Alpha. To fade this canvas you simply modify its Alpha property (alpha = how opaque or transparent something is).

I created a simple script with a static FadeCanvas method that will fade between a start and end alpha value (e.g. start at 1 and end at 0 to fade out) over a given duration.

To fade out a CanvasGroup from 1 (full alpha) to 0 (fully transparent/invisible) over 2 seconds, you would use the following:

StartCoroutine(FadeEffect.FadeCanvas(myCanvas, 1f, 0f, 2f));

By setting the start alpha lower than the end alpha, the canvas will fade in.

Tip: if you want to wait for the fading to finish before doing something else (e.g. displaying some buttons), you can wait for a coroutine to finish from within another coroutine, for example:

 IEnumerator FadeThenShowButtons()
     // start fading
     yield return StartCoroutine(FadeEffect.FadeCanvas(myCanvas, 1f, 0f, 2f));
     // code here will run once the fading coroutine has completed
     myButton.enabled = true;

Below is the full code I use in my game. The fading is pretty simplistic, so you could replace that part of the code with something more complex (e.g. start of quickly fading, then slow down towards the end). I’ve heavily commented the code so you can see what it is doing.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using UnityEngine;

public class FadeEffect : MonoBehaviour {
    public static IEnumerator FadeCanvas(CanvasGroup canvas, float startAlpha, float endAlpha, float duration)
        // keep track of when the fading started, when it should finish, and how long it has been running</p> <p>&a
        var startTime = Time.time;
        var endTime = Time.time + duration;
        var elapsedTime = 0f;
        // set the canvas to the start alpha – this ensures that the    canvas is ‘reset’ if you fade it multiple times
        canvas.alpha = startAlpha;
        // loop repeatedly until the previously calculated end time
        while (Time.time <= endTime)
             elapsedTime = Time.time - startTime; // update the   elapsed time
            var percentage = 1/(duration/elapsedTime); // calculate how far along the timeline we are
            if (startAlpha > endAlpha) // if we are fading out/down
                canvas.alpha = startAlpha - percentage; // calculate the new alpha
            else // if we are fading in/up
                canvas.alpha = startAlpha + percentage; // calculate the new alpha
            yield return new WaitForEndOfFrame(); // wait for the next frame before continuing the loop
        canvas.alpha = endAlpha; // force the alpha to the end alpha before finishing – this is here to mitigate any rounding errors, e.g. leaving the alpha at 0.01 instead of 0

6 thoughts on “Fade your UI In and Out

  1. Hi ! Thanks for your explanation !

    I have a question. How not to fade all UI elements in same canvas ?
    I want fade only certain UI elements but all are affected when i change alpha of my CanvasGroup component, also UI elements with their own CanvasGroup component.
    Maybe you use 2 differents canvas in your game ?


    • You can add a Canvas inside the canvas then add the CanvasGroup Component to it. You can then procee to use the same instructions given here.

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